The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck or throat of the human body. Thyroid hormone released from this gland plays an important role in human growth, development, physiological and metabolic processes. Normally, the thyroid gland located in front of the trachea is not visible to the naked eye. If the thyroid gland is enlarged and swollen in the front of the throat, it is called goiter. However, having a goiter does not necessarily mean that the thyroid gland is bad or that it should be surgically removed. Many people fear cancer or tumors only when the throat is swollen; Not all goiters are bad.

When is surgery needed?
Benign (not cancerous) goiters that are small, inconspicuous, and usually do not require treatment. Ear, nose, and throat specialists and head and neck surgeons usually recommend various types of thyroid surgery when the following causes or symptoms are observed. For example –

If there is a very large goiter or thyroid nodule, which puts pressure on the airway, esophagus, throat nerves, or blood vessels behind the gland; The result is an uncomfortable feeling in the front of the neck, sometimes causing shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, voice changes or other problems.

Surgery may be needed if thyroid cancer is diagnosed or suspected by various tests. Because, in case of thyroid cancer there is no option of surgery.

If an enlarged thyroid gland (benign or benign tumor) interferes with your normal lifestyle.

If the patient considers the goiter to be unsightly, if it is too large to look ugly or unattractive – surgery is required.

If the patient is afraid of cancer, then doctors suggest surgery.

So if you feel a swelling in the front of the throat or if you think you have a goiter, don’t panic and consult an ear, nose, and throat specialist. If the operation is necessary, you must know all the issues related to the operation and the post-operation procedure from your doctor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Copy link